Imagine walking miles each day in the burning heat with heavy jugs on your head, just to access a source of unsanitary water. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Water insecurity is a major challenge for many African communities - the water is gone, and people are enduring the fight of their lives. The natural water resources in Kenya do not provide effective delivery of water to the various regions of the country. With a government bordering on bankruptcy and lacking investment, Kenya does not have the funds to develop an efficient water system for its population. As a result, many women and children spend up to one-third of their day fetching water. The journey is often miles long and the water gatherers are exposed to the harsh elements and aggressive predators. The major threat however, is the exposure to water-bourne diseases such as cholera and parasitic worms. The rate of exposure is high due to contaminated water sources, but also the containers used to collect the water which had previously been used for waste, oil or fertilizers. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Furthermore, as temperatures rise and water resources dwindle at rapid rates, native tribes are forced to search for water elsewhere. The rivalries between the Turkuna, Pokot, and Samburu tribes in Kenya have exited for centuries. In the past, there would be small quarrels and threats between the tribes over a water source. But now there is no water, only blood. Violent water skirmishes are becoming more prevalent across many areas in Africa that are facing water scarcity. As the effects of climate change become more apparent, it is a harrowing reality to face that wars in the future will be fought over water, rather than oil. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Furthermore, there are many organisations involved in providing health care services and water solutions for the population. A global effort is required by individuals, business, and governments to look beyond our own operations and to secure our shared water resources. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Sources: The Water Project, In These Times (Nash Colundalur).
Photo Credit: Unkown.